Dry age-related macular degeneration is generally diagnosed among those over the age of 50 years. It causes the breakdown of a part of the retina known as the macula. It leads to reduced or blurred central vision. The intensity of vision loss can be between mild to severe. It is possible to delay vision loss through early diagnosis, self-care measures, and timely treatment. Here are some common management options for dry age-related macular degeneration.
Low vision rehabilitation
Age-related macular degeneration doesn’t impair side vision. However, it reduces central vision, which is needed for certain essential tasks such as driving and reading. To help cope with the weakening central vision and adapt to using side vision only, one may go through low vision rehabilitation. A specialist such as an occupational therapist, eye doctor, or health practitioner trained in low-vision rehabilitation generally offers this.
Surgery to implant a telescopic lens
In some instances, when advanced dry macular degeneration affects both eyes, surgery is used to improve vision. The process involves implanting a telescopic lens in one of the affected eyes. The telescopic lens is a simple, narrow tube fitted with multiple lenses. The goal of this procedure is to improve distance and close-up vision.
Following a balanced meal plan
A nutritional regime rich in fresh fruits and vegetables contributes to better eye health. Nutritional experts advise eating foods rich in antioxidants. These include green leafy veggies such as kale, spinach, and broccoli.
Eating foods rich in zinc and protein
These include milk, cheese, yogurt, whole-wheat bread, and whole-grain cereals. In addition, meat sources of zinc and protein are also helpful in managing dry age-related macular degeneration.
Including omega-rich foods in meals
Fatty fish such as salmon and tuna and other foods such as walnuts, which are high in omega-3 fatty acids, can help delay the progress of macular degeneration symptoms.
Schedule routine eye exams
Timely health checkups can help patients understand the progress of macular degeneration. Furthermore, routine health examinations also help in planning for treatments and management measures that one may need to take in the future.