Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) can cause severe discomfort and hamper day-to-day functioning in their more advanced stages. Ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease are two common IBDs affecting several individuals at different severity levels. Ulcerative colitis (UC) involves inflammation and ulcers in the large intestine’s inner lining, whereas Crohn’s disease is characterized by swelling of the large intestine. Here are some foods patients with UC and Crohn’s disease should avoid, together with some treatment options.
Whole grains can irritate the gastrointestinal tract among individuals suffering from UC and Crohn’s disease. It helps to avoid consuming whole, unprocessed grains like buckwheat, brown rice, rolled oats, and wild rice varieties. In addition, white rice and instant oats may be more easily digestible.
A cup of raspberries contains 8 grams of fiber, a no-no for individuals with UC and Crohn’s. Replacing such high-fiber fruits with low-fiber alternatives, such as cantaloupes, watermelons, nectarines, peaches, and fresh fruit juices without pulp, will help.
Cruciferous vegetables like broccoli and cauliflower contain high levels of insoluble fiber, which is difficult to digest and can aggravate existing digestive problems like UC and Crohn’s disease. It helps to avoid such vegetables and replace them with more easily digestible alternatives like asparagus tips, cucumber, and cooked spinach.
Processed and red meats are difficult for the body to break down and can worsen UC and Crohn’s symptoms. Therefore, replacing processed meat with lean meat sources like skinless chicken, turkey, and pork chops will help.
Beans contain oligosaccharides, fermentable fibers that are not easily digested and contribute to bloating and gas. Therefore beans are best if ignored when diagnosed with UC or Crohn’s disease.
Some remedies for ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease may be similar, considering both are IBDs. However, a patient’s response to such treatments may vary.
Probiotics are microorganisms that contribute to the growth of healthy bacteria. These microorganisms are commonly found in foods like yogurt. One can also consume OTC probiotic supplements; however, one must purchase such products only from reliable brands.
Ginseng is known for its anti-inflammatory properties. It also consists of antioxidants that can help with digestion. Ginseng may benefit individuals diagnosed with UC and Crohn’s disease.
This traditional intervention, combined with other treatments, is widely believed to help people heal from IBDs like UC and Crohn’s disease.
Consumption of fish oil is proven to help individuals with UC and Crohn’s disease heal better. Fish oil is rich in Omega-3 fatty acids, which have anti-inflammatory properties.